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Church of the Flagellation

This Catholic Franciscan complex in this site includes a monastery, the Flagellation chapel and the Condemnation chapel. According to tradition, this was the site where the Roman soldiers flogged Jesus after he was convicted and sentenced to death. The church is located on the eastern side of Via Dolorosa inside the old city of Jerusalem.

In 1342 Pope Clement VI declared that the Franciscans are the official custodians of the Holy places ("Custodia Terroe Sanctoe"). This custody is still in effect to date. The site was given to the Franciscans in 1836-8 by Egyptian General Ibrahim Pasha, who conquered the city in 1832 and held it until 1841. The first chapel was built in 1839.

This is the view of the interior of the church, with 3 remarkable stained-glass windows illustrating Pontius Pilate washing his hands from the sin (on the left); flogging Jesus and placing a crown of thorns over the head (center); and Barrabbas rejoices on his release instead of Jesus (on the right).

On the walls of the convent is station II of Via Dolorosa. The sign "II" is seen below, marked on a round metal marker. Behind the wall is the chapel of Condemnation, and three of its white domes are seen at the top of the wall. At this station Jesus receives the cross (John 19:17, 19): "And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha...And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross...".

There are different biblical references that discuss these events that took place in the Church of Flagellation:

John 19 1-3: Jesus is convicted, flogged, and the soldiers place a crown of thorns:

"Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him. And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, and said, Hail, King of the Jews! And they smote him with their hands".

John 18 38-40: Pilate wanted to release Jesus and convict Bar-Abba, a robber, according to the Roman custom. But the crowd wanted the robber to be released instead of Jesus:

"Pilate saith unto him, what is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all. But ye have a custom that I should release unto you one at the Passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews? Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber".

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